A dog's behaviour is influenced by a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors. While genetics do play a role in shaping a dog's behaviour, it is important to understand that genetics are not the sole determinant of a dog's behaviour.
Genetics can influence a dog's behaviour in a number of ways. For example, certain breeds of dogs may have genetic predispositions towards certain behaviours such as herding, hunting, or guarding. Additionally, certain genetic traits may make a dog more prone to certain behavioural issues such as anxiety or aggression.
However, it is important to remember that genetics are not the only factor that shapes a dog's behaviour. Environmental factors, such as socialisation and training, also play a critical role in shaping a dog's behaviour. For example, a dog with a genetic predisposition towards aggression can be trained to be a well-behaved pet with the right training and socialisation.
It is also important to note that behaviour genetics research is a complex field and the knowledge of how genes influence behaviour is still being developed. Each dog is unique and their behaviour can be shaped by different factors.
In conclusion, genetics do play a role in shaping a dog's behaviour, but it is important to remember that genetics are not the sole determinant of a dog's behaviour. Environmental factors such as socialisation, training, and early experiences also play a critical role in shaping a dog's behaviour. Therefore, it is important to provide your dog with a positive and nurturing environment to help them reach their full potential. In case of any behavioural issues, it is recommended to consult with a professional dog trainer or a veterinarian behaviourist.